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外贸英语术语

信息来源:foioo.com  时间:2007-09-15  浏览次数:196

  出口信贷 export credit
  出口津贴 export subsidy
  商品倾销 dumping
  外汇倾销 exchange dumping
  优惠关税 special preferences
  保税仓库 bonded warehouse
  贸易顺差 favorable balance of trade
  贸易逆差 unfavorable balance of trade
  进口配额制 import quotas
  自由贸易区 free trade zone
  对外贸易值 value of foreign trade
  国际贸易值 value of international trade
  普遍优惠制 generalized system of preferences-GSP
  最惠国待遇 most-favored nation treatment-MFNT
  -------------------价格条件----------------------
  价格术语trade term (price term)
  运费freight
  单价 price
  码头费wharfage
  总值 total value
  卸货费landing charges
  金额 amount
  关税customs duty
  净价 net price
  印花税stamp duty
  含佣价price including commission
  港口税port dues
  回佣return commission .
  装运港port of shipment
  折扣discount, allowance
  卸货港port of discharge
  批发价 wholesale price
  目的港port of destination
  零售价 retail price
  进口许口证import licence
  现货价格spot price
  出口许口证export licence
  期货价格forward price
  现行价格(时价)current price prevailing price
  国际市场价格 world (International)Market price
  离岸价(船上交货价)FOB-free on board
  成本加运费价(离岸加运费价) C&F-cost and freight
  到岸价(成本加运费、保险费价)CIF-cost,insurance and freight
  -------------------交货条件----------------------
  交货delivery
  轮船steamship(缩写S.S)
  装运、装船shipment
  租船charter (the chartered ship)
  交货时间 time of delivery
  定程租船voyage charter
  装运期限time of shipment
  定期租船time charter
  托运人(一般指出口商)shipper, consignor
  收货人consignee
  班轮regular shipping liner
  驳船lighter
  舱位shipping space
  油轮tanker
  报关clearance of goods
  陆运收据cargo receipt
  提货to take delivery of goods
  空运提单airway bill
  正本提单original B\\L
  选择港(任意港)optional port
  选港费optional charges
  选港费由买方负担 optional charges to be borne by the Buyers 或 optional charges for Buyers’ account
  一月份装船 shipment during January 或 January shipment
  一月底装船 shipment not later than Jan.31st.或shipment on or before Jan.31st.
  一/二月份装船 shipment during Jan./Feb.或 Jan./Feb. shipment
  在......(时间)分两批装船 shipment during....in two lots
  在......(时间)平均分两批装船 shipment during....in two equal lots
  分三个月装运 in three monthly shipments
  分三个月,每月平均装运 in three equal monthly shipments
  立即装运 immediate shipments
  即期装运 prompt shipments
  收到信用证后30天内装运 shipments within 30 days after receipt of L/C
  允许分批装船 partial shipment not allowed partial shipment not permitted partial shipment not unacceptable
  ---------------交易磋商、合同签订-----------------
  订单 indent
  订货;订购 book; booking
  电复 cable reply
  实盘 firm offer
  递盘 bid; bidding
  递实盘 bid firm
  还盘 counter offer
  发盘(发价) offer
  发实盘 offer firm
  询盘(询价) inquiry;enquiry
  -----------------------外 汇-------------------------
  外汇 foreign exchange 法定贬值 devaluation
  外币 foreign currency 法定升值 revaluation
  汇率 rate of exchange 浮动汇率floating rate
  国际收支 balance of payments 硬通货 hard currency
  直接标价 direct quotation 软通货 soft currency
  间接标价 indirect quotation 金平价 gold standard
  买入汇率 buying rate 通货膨胀 inflation
  卖出汇率 selling rate 固定汇率 fixed rate
  金本位制度 gold standard 黄金输送点 gold points
  铸币平价 mint par 纸币制度 paper money system
  国际货币基金 international monetary fund
  黄金外汇储备 gold and foreign exchange reserve
  汇率波动的官定上下限 official upper and lower limits of fluctuation

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